Performance Analysis of Non-Realistic Routing Protocol using Random Waypoint Model in MANET

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Ahmad Yusri Dak
Rafiza Ruslan
Abidah Mat Taib
Nor Azira Mohd Radzi


A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless nodes connected via wireless networks and has no set structure. MANETs feature a self-organized routing topology in which mobile nodes are free to move, making it difficult and crucial to construct a stable and reliable network. Thus, failure of the route is also regarded as a prime factor affecting the efficiency of any MANET routing protocol. The breaking of the connection between two routes or more nodes will cause the failure of the route specifically in the non-realistic routing protocol. In a network of mobile nodes, the link break is mainly based on the mobility of individual nodes. Therefore, the objective of this research is to investigate the performance of proactive DSDV and reactive AODV routing protocol using the Random Waypoint(RWP) mobility model in MANET. NS-2 network simulator is used to simulate the MANET environment and BonnMotion is to create a movement of mobile nodes that integrate with the routing protocol. The network performance metrics used are throughput, packet delivery ratio, and average end-to-end delay. In addition, three simulation scenarios have been conducted to compare AODV and DSDV routing protocols with varying numbers of nodes, a comparison of AODV and DSDV routing protocols with varying pause time, and a comparison of AODV and DSDV routing protocols with varying mobility speed. The result from the three scenarios analysed and concluded that the RWP mobility model with AODV gives a better performance of throughput with 869.69 kbps and Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) with 83.00% meanwhile, RWP with DSDV is better for the average end-to-end delay(EED) with 212.970 bps.

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How to Cite
A. Y. Dak, R. Ruslan, A. M. Taib, and N. A. M. Radzi, “Performance Analysis of Non-Realistic Routing Protocol using Random Waypoint Model in MANET ”, AJSE, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 79 - 83, Apr. 2024.
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