Peak Side Lobe Reduction analysis of NLFM and Improved NLFM Radar signal

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Anoosha Chukka
B.T. Krishna


Signal design is an important component for good performance of radar systems. Here, the problem of determining a good radar signal with the objective of minimizing autocorrelation sidelobes is addressed. Linear Frequency Modulated signal (LFM) is frequently used pulse compression waveform. But using LFM makes it necessary to use weighting techniques in order to reduce the side lobes which considerably decrease the SNR. At the radar receiver, the LFM signal results in first side lobe of -13dB corresponding to the main lobe. This may reduce the resultant SNR usually by 1 or 2dB. In this paper, an attempt is done to design a radar signal to attain low autocorrelation Peak Side Lobe Ratio (PSLR) which exhibits high SNR and high range resolution. In order to maintain high SNR and to get suppressed side lobes of the signal, one can use Non-Linear Frequency Modulation (NLFM). A NLFM signal is designed for different time sweeps called as Improved NLFM. In Improved NLFM the total time sweep and bandwidth are divided into Two Stage and Tri-Stage sweeps NLFM. The quality of the overall best radar signal is assessed through the parameter PSLR for different values of BT. From this analysis, it is found that the tri stage NLFM gives the low PSLR up to -17.62dB. Simulation results shows the reduction in the sidelobe level from LFM to NLFM and in Improved two and Tri-Stage NLFM.


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How to Cite
ChukkaA. and KrishnaB., “Peak Side Lobe Reduction analysis of NLFM and Improved NLFM Radar signal”, AJSE, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 125 - 131, Nov. 2022.


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