Efficiency Improvement Analysis for Recent High-Efficient Solar Cells

Main Article Content

Oishi Ashrafun Nushra
Tanjim Meer Shadman Shafkat
M. Tanseer Ali


The entire electricity demand of the whole earth, can be theoretically satisfied by harnessing the unlimited photon energy of the alpha source, the sun. Absorbing the solar power in a full efficient way is still on progress, due to the limitation of our solar cell technology. On commercial aspects, it is also promising but not up to the mark. Recent high efficient solar cell still leaves more space to improve the cell efficiency. On these circumstances, the use of Graphene, Multi-Junction Cells and Quantum Dot Cells will be helpful to increase the rate of recent research flow. This paper visualizes GaAs, InP, CdTe and Graphene implementations on four proposed basic models, which have showed a positive impact to overcome the losses and SQ limits. These models also postulate the maximization of the solar cell efficiency, omitting the corresponding losses along with maintaining the inter-junction relation suitably.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ashrafun Nushra, O., Meer Shadman Shafkat, T., & Ali , M. T. (2020). Efficiency Improvement Analysis for Recent High-Efficient Solar Cells. AIUB Journal of Science and Engineering (AJSE), 19(1), 1 - 6. Retrieved from http://ajse.aiub.edu/index.php/ajse/article/view/36
Author Biographies

Tanjim Meer Shadman Shafkat

Meer Shadman Shafkat Tanjim received Bachelor of Science in EEE from American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB). His Master Degree is also from AIUB in EEE Background. He started his profession at Bangladesh Institute of Science & Technology (BIST) as Lecturer in the Dept. of ECE on May 2017. Around November 2017, he switched to European University of Bangladesh (EUB) in the Dept. of EEE as Lecturer. Recently, he is researching on Control System Strategies, Solar & Wind Energy, Aeronautics, Robotics, Smart System and IoT aspects.

M. Tanseer Ali

M. Tanseer Ali received Doctor of Engineering degree from University of Greenwich (UK), 2013. His research interest is focused on Analog Electronics, RF/Microwave Circuits and Systems, Nano-electronics, Nuclear Power, Solid State Circuits. Currently he is working as Senior Assistant professor in the department of EEE, AIUB.


[1] Vipin Kumar, “Electrical properties of cadmium telluride screen-printed films for photovoltaic applications,” Chalcogenide Letters, 5. 2008, pp. 171-176.
[2] M. Bodiul Islam, M. Yanagida, Y. Shirai, Y. Nabetani, K. Miyano, “Highly stable semi-transparent MAPbI3 perovskite solar cells with operational output for 4000 h,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 195,2019, pp. 323-329.
[3] Wang, X., et al. "Design of GaAs Solar Cells Operating Close to the Shockley–Queisser Limit". IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics. 2013. 3 (2): 737.
[4] Hector Cotal, Chris Fetzer, Joseph Boisvert, Geoffrey Kinsey, Richard King, Peter Hebert, Hojun Yoon and Nasser Karam , “III–V multijunction solar cells for concentrating photovoltaics ,” The Royal Society of Chemistry 2009 , Energy Environ. Sci., 2009, 2, pp. 174–192.
[5] Jie W., Zheng F., Hao J., “Graphene/gallium arsenide-based Schottky junction solar cells,” App. Phys. Lett., 2013, 103, 233111.
[6] Eli Yablonovitch, Owen D Miller, S. R. Kurtz, "The opto-electronic physics that broke the efficiency limit in solar cells", 2012 38th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. 2012 p. 001556.
[7] Roland Scheer, Hans-Werner Schock, "Introduction", Chalcogenide Photovoltaics. 2011. pp. 1–8.
[8] M. Taguchi et al., "24.7% Record Efficiency HIT Solar Cell on Thin Silicon Wafer," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 4, no. 1, 2014, pp. 96-99.
[9] Prabhakaran Selvaraj, Hasan Baig, Tapas K. Mallick, Jonathan Siviter, Andrea Montecucco, Wen Li, Manosh Paul, Tracy Sweet, Min Gao, Andrew R. Knox, Senthilarasu Sundaram, “Enhancing the efficiency of transparent dye-sensitized solar cells using concentrated light,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 175, 2018, pp. 29-34.
[10] Berthod, C., Kristensen, S. T., Strandberg, R., Odden, J. O., Nie, S., Hameiri, Z., & Satre, T. O. “Temperature Sensitivity of Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells”, IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2019, pp. 1–8.
[11] Wang, B., Iocozzia, J., Zhang, M., Ye, M., Yan, S., Jin, H., Lin, Z. “The charge carrier dynamics, efficiency and stability of two-dimensional material-based perovskite solar cells,” Chemical Society Reviews, 2019, pp. 1-38.
[12] Swar A. Zubeer1, H.A. Mohammed, and Mustafa Ilkan, “A review of photovoltaic cells cooling techniques”, E3S Web of Conferences 22, 00205, 2017, pp. 1-2.
[13] Li P., Chen C., Zhang J., Li S., Sun B., Bao Q., “Graphene-based transparent electrodes for hybrid solar cells,” Frontiers in Materials, 2014, 1, 26.
[14] U. Würfel, A. Cuevas and P. Würfel, "Charge Carrier Separation in Solar Cells," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 5, no. 1, 2015. pp. 461-469.
[15] K. Masuko et al., "Achievement of More Than 25% Conversion Efficiency With Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cell," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 4, no. 6, 2014, pp. 1433-1435.
[16] E. Shinn, A. Hubler, D. Lyon, M. Grosse-Perdekamp, A. Bezryadin, A. Belkin, "Nuclear Energy Conversion with Stacks of Graphene Nano-capacitors". Complexity. 22 October 2012, 18 (3): pp. 24–27.
[17] Tyagi, Pawan “Multilayer graphene as a transparent conducting electrode in silicon heterojunction solar cells,” AIP Advances, AIP ADVANCES 5, 2015, 077165.
[18] Huang X., Xiaoying Q., Boey F. and Zhang H., “Graphene based composites,” Chem Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, pp. 666-686.
[19] Miao X., Tongay S., Petterson M., Berke K., Rinzler A., Appleton B., Hebard A., “High Efficiency Graphene Solar Cells by Chemical Doping,” Nano Lett., 2012, 12(6), pp. 2745-2750.
[20] Li X., Zhang S., Wang P., Zhong H., Wu Z., Chen H., Liu C., Lin S., “High performance solar cells based on graphene-GaAs heterostructures,” Nano Energy, 2015, 16, 310.
[21] Ye Y., Dai L., “Graphene-based schottky junction solar cells,” J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 24224.
[22] Zongyou Yin, Jixin Zhu, Qiyuan He, Xiehong Cao, Chaoliang Tan, Hongyu Chen, Qingyu Yan, and Hua Zhang, “Graphene-Based Materials for Solar Cell Applications”, Advance Energy Material, 4, 1300574, 2014, pp. 1-19.
[23] B. von Roedern, G.H. Bauer, “Material Requirements for Buffer Layers Used to Obtain Solar Cells with High Open Circuit Voltages”, Material Research Society’s Spring Meeting, 1999, pp. 6.
[24] B. Samanta, Debabrata Das, A.K. Barua, “Role of buffer layer at the p/i interface on the stabilized efficiency of a-Si solar cells”, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 46, 1997, pp. 233-237.
[25] J. Melskens, B. W. H. van de Loo, B. Macco, L. E. Black, S. Smit and W. M. M. Kessels, "Passivating Contacts for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells: From Concepts and Materials to Prospects," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 8, no. 2, 2018, pp. 373-388,
[26] A. Blakers, "Development of the PERC Solar Cell," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 9, no. 3, 2019, pp. 629-635.
[27] Antonino Parisi, Riccardo Pernice, Vincenzo Rocca, Luciano Curcio, Salvatore Stivala, Alfonso C Cino, Giovanni Cipriani, Vincenzo Di Dio, Giuseppe Ricco Galluzzo, Rosario Miceli, Alessandro Busacca, “Graded Carrier Concentration Absorber Profile for High Efficiency CIGS Solar Cells,” 2015 International Journal of Photoenergy, 2015, pp. 1-9.
[28] Peter Colter, Brandon Hagar and Salah Bedair, “Tunnel Junctions for III-V Multijunction Solar Cells Review”, Crystal 2018, 8, 445, 2018, pp. 1-15.
[29] William Shockley and Hans J. Queisser, “Detailed Balance Limit of Efficiency of pn Junction Solar Cells”, Journal of Applied Physics, 32 (3), 1961, pp. 510-519.
[30] Harder, N.-P. & W rfel, P., “Theoretical limits of thermophotovoltaic solar energy conversion”, Semiconductor Science and Technology, 18(5), 2003. pp. S151-S157.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'